Argumentative Essay Conclusion Example

Argumentative Essay Conclusion Example

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How to End an Essay

Three Parts: Brainstorming Your Conclusion Writing the Conclusion Avoiding Common Pitfalls Community Q&A

The final paragraph of an essay is what ties the piece together into a single, cohesive whole. Coming up with a good ending can be tricky, but understanding what elements it should and shouldn’t have will help you craft a stellar conclusion worthy of nothing less than an A+.

Steps

Part 1

Brainstorming Your Conclusion

  1. Image titled End an Essay Step 1

    1
    Consider the “So what?” question. A helpful way to generate your conclusion can be to imagine that your reader has just asked you “So what?” about your argument. Why does what you’ve written matter? What can you say in your conclusion to help convince your readers that they should care about your ideas and argument? [1]

    • Asking yourself the “so what?” question as you write your essay can also help you dig below the surface of your ideas.
  2. Image titled End an Essay Step 2

    2
    List the main ideas in your essay. Having a sense of what your argument’s main ideas were will help you know what you need to include in the conclusion. You don’t have to cram every point and subpoint into the conclusion: just hit the important things. [2]

    • Knowing your essay’s focus will also help you avoid introducing any new information or topics in your conclusion.
  3. Image titled End an Essay Step 3

    3
    Look for any themes you introduced in the first paragraph. You can get a nice sense of closure by returning to the theme you opened with. [3] See if you can take that theme a step further when you bring it back in the conclusion. [4]

    • For example, if you began your essay with the idea of humanity’s sense of smallness in the face of space’s vast expanses, you could return to that idea in the conclusion. However, you might expand this theme to include the idea that as human knowledge grows, space is actually becoming smaller.
  4. Image titled End an Essay Step 4

    4
    Consider whether you can link your argument to a different context. One helpful way to conclude an essay is to extend your discussion’s relevance to a broader “big picture” context. This helps your reader understand how they could apply the arguments you made to another topic, giving your essay a bigger sense of purpose. [5]

    • For example, you could extend an essay on “Orange is the New Black” to the American culture of imprisonment in general.

Part 2

Writing the Conclusion

  1. Image titled End an Essay Step 5

    1
    Start with a small transition (optional). This can be a cue to your reader that you’re ending your essay, and that they need to pay attention. Though a lot of essays begin their last paragraph with a transition, you don’t need to if you feel like it’s clear enough that you are ending your essay. The transition can be very simple.

    • You should probably stay away from overused phrases such as “In conclusion,” “To summarize,” or “In closing.” Because they are used so often, they come across as cliched and stiff. [6]
  2. Image titled End an Essay Step 6

    2
    Briefly summarize some of the main points. Try taking the first sentences of each body paragraph (your topic sentences ) and rewriting their main points in two or three sentences. This will reinforce your essay’s argument, reminding the reader what you were talking about, or arguing for.

    • Avoid summarizing your points exactly as you wrote them. Your readers have already read your essay. They don’t have to be reminded of every single point you just made.
  3. Image titled End an Essay Step 7

    3
    Keep it short and sweet. There’s no hard and fast rule for how long your conclusion should be, but for many high school and college essays, a good rule of thumb is that your conclusion should be anywhere from 5 to 7 sentences long. Any less, and you probably haven’t summarized your points enough; any more, and you’re probably rambling on a bit too much.

  4. Image titled End an Essay Step 8

    4
    Be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another. You should reference it as you end your essay, even if it’s only in passing. Remember, your thesis is the main point of your essay, something you’re arguing for. If someone who reads your conclusion still doesn’t know what your thesis is, you haven’t done a good-enough job of telling them.

    • Find a way to rework your thesis in an interesting way, using different language. Restating your thesis using the same words strikes the reader as lazy and doesn’t offer new insight into your argument.
  5. Image titled End an Essay Step 9

    5
    Write authoritatively on your subject. Sounding authoritative means using the right words (as opposed to just any old words), relying on solid evidence from other sources, and believing in your own ability to write. [7] Don’t apologize for your ideas or use heavily qualifying language. [8]

    • For example, instead of saying “That’s why I think that Abraham Lincoln was the best American President in the 19th century,” say “That’s why Abraham Lincoln was the best American President in the 19th century.” The reader already knows that if you write about Lincoln being the best President, you also believe it. Saying “I think” sounds like you’re hedging and makes you sound less authoritative.
    • Another example: Don’t apologize for your views. They’re your ideas, so take ownership of them. Never say something like “I may not be an expert” or “At least this is my opinion,” [9] as this weakens your reliability.
  6. Image titled End an Essay Step 10

    6
    End with a flourish. Your last sentence should be elegant, to the point, and provocative. This is easier said than done. But it all starts with illustrating the point of your essay. Ask yourself What is my essay about, and what am I saying? and then move on from there. [10]

    • End with a little bit of irony. Be playful with your last sentence and pose an ironic by-product of what you’re talking about. Then, the end of your essay becomes especially provocative.
    • Make an appeal to emotions. Much of the time, essays are very rational, forgetting about emotions. That’s why appealing to people’s emotions can be a really powerful way to conclude an essay. Done in the right way, this will help the article have heart. Just make sure that your conclusion is in keeping with the tone of the rest of your essay.
    • Include a call to action (use sparingly). If your essay is truly about getting people to change, then including a call to action is a useful tool to rouse your base. But use it sparingly: In the wrong context (an expository essay, or an argumentative essay) it can be overkill.

Part 3

Avoiding Common Pitfalls

  1. Image titled End an Essay Step 11

    1
    Avoid just restating your thesis. A common problem with many conclusions is that they simply restate the thesis and summarize what’s already been said. This doesn’t give your readers a compelling reason to read the conclusion — they already know what it’s going to say. [11]

    • Instead, try to take your reader to the “next level” in your conclusion, or provide some further sophistication to your original ideas.
  2. Image titled End an Essay Step 12

    2
    Resist the urge to quote. There is usually no need to clog up the ending of your essay with quotes and analysis — that should have been what you were doing in your main paragraphs. The conclusion is the place where you tie everything together for your readers, not where you introduce new information. [12]
  3. Image titled End an Essay Step 13

    3
    Don’t use fluffy language. Don’t use too many high-flying, two-dollar words in your conclusion. You want it to be readable and relatable, not rigid and boring. It’s much better to have clear, concise language than a meandering sentence stuffed with overlong words. [13]

    • Also don’t use “Firstly,” “Secondly,” “Thirdly,” etc. to make/finish your points. Make it clear what you’re saying and how many points you’re making.
  4. Image titled End an Essay Step 14

    4
    Keep new material out of the conclusion. Now is not the time to introduce new ideas or content. That takes the focus off your original argument and could confuse readers. Don’t jumble things up — relay simply where your essay has led and state what you have come to think after conducting the necessary analysis.

  5. Image titled End an Essay Step 15

    5
    Don’t focus on a minor point or issue in the essay. The conclusion is not the time to nitpick with a small theme in your essay. In fact, it’s the time to step back and focus on the big picture. Make sure your essay focuses on the heart of the essay, not one strand of hair. [14] These words are not advanced ways to start a transition.

Community Q&A

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  • Question
    What is a “catchy” closing sentence for an argumentative essay?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    An argumentative essay means a written debate. You are going to debate your points on a specific statement. Go for double sided statements. For example, “Homework is helpful, but under some circumstances, it poses a hazard.” Such statements prove that you believe you are correct, but acknowledge that other opinions exist. This is a perfect way to end an argumentative essay.
    Thanks!

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  • Question
    But what if I have already stated the main points in the first sentence of the conclusion?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    Elaborate on them by giving an example for each point, one sentence each. Read other conclusions to essays to help you to get a better feel for them rather than over-focusing on construction perfection — learning by seeing other conclusions often works best.
    Thanks!

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  • Question
    What is the best way to begin the conclusion of an essay?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    One great way to start the conclusion of an essay is to restate your thesis, but it depends on the content of the essay and what you want your reader to take away from the essay.
    Thanks!

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  • Question
    Can I conclude with something that is different from what I wrote in the essay?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    The conclusion is a reverse process of the introduction. Start with the thesis statement (write it in a different way), then summarize your points. Remember you can only write what supports your body paragraphs, not what’s in the body paragraphs themselves.
    Thanks!

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  • Question
    What is the basic template for a conclusion?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    First, start with a small transition, then briefly summarize some of the main points, after that be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another. Finally, end with a flourish. Your last sentence should be elegant, to the point and proactive.
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  • Question
    How should I write a conclusion for an informative paragraph? (It’s about a planet)
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    You could simply say what the reader (or you) learned about the planet from your essay. You provided information throughout your essay and the conclusion wraps it up.
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  • Question
    How should I end a history essay?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    This will largely depend on the level of history that you are working on and the type of essay you are writing. However, a good conclusion will generally involve a restatement of the thesis that you began your essay with and will leave the reader with a few final thoughts related to the essay’s subject.
    Thanks!

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  • Question
    How do I end an argumentative essay? Do I have to focus on something special?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    Follow the guidelines in the article. Briefly summarize the main ideas/arguments you discussed in your essay. Acknowledge that there are some good arguments for the opposite position, but that the arguments for your position are more numerous or more compelling. If you want, highlight one point you find especially important. You can end by connecting everything to a broader context, e.g., “Doing X will help ensure we have a world where Y” or something along those lines.
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  • Question
    How do I conclude an essay on another person?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    Talk about the impact he/she has made on the world, and how it affects/affected other people’s lives.
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  • Question
    May I conclude my essay with a reference?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer

    Yes. As long as it’s relevant to the essay, you may end it with a quote or reference.
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    Quick Summary

    When you’re ready to end your essay, write a final paragraph that summarizes the main points of your body paragraphs and ties them back to your thesis statement. Keep this paragraph between 5 and 7 sentences long, and end it with an ironic statement, emotional comment, or call to action that illustrates the main theme of the essay. The final paragraph should pack a punch, so avoid bogging it down with new ideas or content.

    Did this summary help you?

    Sample Essay Conclusions

    Tips

    • Always be sure to review your essay after it is complete. Check if you have the proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
    • Always make sure you try to keep relevant information in the conclusion. Also try to tie back into your thesis statement in order to show the reader that you know how your reason fits into the topic of the essay.
    • It always helps if you have someone else older than you to give you their advice or input on your paragraph. Maybe they can help you out there.

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    Sources and Citations

    1. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    2. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    3. http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
    4. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    5. http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
    6. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    7. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    8. http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
    9. http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
    10. http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
    11. http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
    12. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/conclusions/
    13. http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/conclude.html
    14. http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/conclude.html

    Show more… (11)

    Article Info

    Categories: Essays

    In other languages:

    Español:  finalizar un ensayo , Italiano:  Concludere un Saggio , Français:  rédiger la conclusion d’une dissertation , 中文:  写论文的结尾 , Русский:  закончить эссе , Deutsch:  Wie man einen Essay abschließt , Português:  Concluir um Ensaio , Nederlands:  Een essay afsluiten , Čeština:  Jak uzavřít esej , Bahasa Indonesia:  Mengakhiri Esai , 日本語:  英文エッセイの結論を書く , العربية:  كتابة خاتمة مقال , हिन्दी:  निबंध का समापन करें , ไทย:  เขียนบทสรุปในเรียงความ , Tiếng Việt:  Viết Kết luận cho Bài Tiểu luận

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    Expert Review By:

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    Megan Morgan
    Ph.D. in English

    This version of How to End an Essay was reviewed by Megan Morgan on June 18, 2015.

    24 votes – 62%
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    62% of people told us that this article helped them.

    Co-authors: 116
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    20 Essay Conclusion Examples to Help You Finish Strong

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    Have you ever heard that different people learn in different ways? Well, it’s true.

    And while some people may be able to learn just by reading the theories on how to do something, you learn differently—you need actual examples.

    Just like a protester, politician, or superhero, I’m here to lead by example. I’ve put together a list of essay conclusion examples that covers a range of topics and essay formats to serve as a stepping stone for your own writing.

    Why Do You Need a Strong Conclusion?

    Before I get into the essay conclusion examples, you should know why writing a strong conclusion is so important. Your conclusion isn’t just a summary of what you’ve already written.

    True, it’s a little bit about summarizing, but it should take your essay one step further. Your conclusion should answer any unresolved questions and end your essay with a bang!

    Your conclusion should answer any unresolved questions and end your essay with a bang!

    Click To Tweet

    essay conclusion examples

    In short, an awesome essay conclusion is super important because it rounds out your essay and makes it feel complete.

    Now on to the good stuff…

    Analytical Essay Conclusion Examples

    Topic #1: Analyze the theme of compassion for one character in the Hunger Games series.

    The obvious choices for compassion in the Hunger Games may be Katniss or Peeta, but the character who personifies compassion best was Prim. Throughout the series, her compassion is seen when she keeps secrets from her mother for Katniss, when she heals Gale after he gets whipped, and through the last act of her life as she rushes to save children in the Capitol. She truly lives Albert Schweitzer’s words, “The purpose of human life is to serve, and to show compassion and the will to help others.”

    Topic #2: What caused the Civil War?

    The importance of each cause of the American Civil War can be debated, but what is fact is that there were several factors that led the South to secede. Slavery, states’ rights, and the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency—even though no state in the South voted for him—all contributed to the war. While it has been nearly 150 years since the Civil War ended, some of the leftover divide between North and South can still be seen in modern America.

    Topic #3: Analyze Facebook’s influence on America’s youth.

    essay conclusion examples

    Though social media allows young users to connect with people across the world and get instantaneous news about the world around them, it also has come with many complications. From access to inaccurate information to the rise of cyberbullying, the bad can sometimes outweigh the good among younger users. With 73% of young Americans ages 12-17 years old using Facebook, it may be time to devise better rules for promoting responsible use.

    Topic #4: Analyze the theme of disguise in The Taming of the Shrew .

    The theme of disguise in The Taming of the Shrew is evident from the very beginning. The play within a play lets the reader know that every character is an actor. The main characters—Kate, Bianca, and Petruchio—all disguise their true identities and intentions for the same reason: to get what they want.

    ( Learn how to write an analytical essay outline .)

    Expository Essay Conclusion Examples

    Topic #5: Explain how to write an essay conclusion.

    Essay conclusions are pretty simple once you know the framework. It all boils down to three main parts: a transition from the last body paragraph, a summary of the thesis statement and main points of the essay, and a closing statement that wraps everything up. If all students knew this simple formula, maybe essay writing would be easier for everyone.

    Want extra guidance with the conclusion framework? Read  How to Write a Killer Essay Conclusion .

    Topic #6: What is the scientific method?

    The scientific method is common sense. First, a person must have a research question he or she wants answered and a little background knowledge on the subject. Then the person forms a hypothesis, or what he or she thinks the answer to the research question is, which the person tests with an experiment. Finally, the person should analyze the data and draw a conclusion. This method can be used both in and out of the scientific realm, testing everything from history to social issues.

    Topic #7: What are the causes of homelessness ?

    Passing by a homeless person is not uncommon, especially in urban settings. Homelessness can be caused by many factors, including job loss, lack of family support, and the diminishing availability of affordable housing. Although it is easy for some to think that homelessness is caused by mental problems or general laziness, there are other factors to consider. Only when the whole scope of the problem is known can society begin to come up with a comprehensive solution.

    Topic #8: What is the main cause of global warming ?

    essay conclusion examples

    Most scientists agree that global warming is due to the rapid rise of greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution. While some may argue that factory farms are the main cause of global warming and others may say it is modern society’s transportation methods, the main cause is clear: mankind.

    ( Learn more about writing expository essays .)

    Narrative Essay Conclusion Examples

    Topic #9: Write about what it would be like to be put into the pages of Romeo and Juliet .

    Being catapulted into the pages of Romeo and Juliet would definitely come with some culture shock. Men would be carrying swords and fighting each other in the street. Girls would be getting married at 13 years old. Had I the knowledge of what would become of the star-crossed lovers, I would have warned Romeo that Juliet’s death was a hoax and to wait until she woke up. This, of course, would make the play quite different, but I would feel that it was my duty after having spent so much time with the characters.

    Topic #10: A time machine has taken you back to meet your favorite author ( Edgar Allan Poe in this case). Write about that meeting.

    As Edgar and I were discussing the common themes and dark imagery of his works, the waiter interrupted us. I reached for the wine decanter, poured myself a glass, and asked if he would like some.

    “No thanks,” he said, laughing grimly. “After all, it might be poisoned.”

    Stuck on Your Essay?
    Check out thousands of example essays.
    Yes! Show me examples.

    Topic #11: Tell about your proudest moment .

    Standing up for my little brother made me feel like the character who everyone likes in those after-school sitcoms. I was able to confront the kid who was bullying my little brother without using threats or physical force. In the end, encouraging the two to have an open dialogue brought them closer, and while they may never be best friends, at least they can respect each other.

    Topic #12: Write about an event that made you who you are today.

    My abuse did not and does not define me, but I would not be the same person had I not gone through it. It took a while and there were setbacks, but I’m a stronger, more compassionate person because of the traumatic events that happened. I hope others never have to go through the same thing I did, but if they do, I hope they can learn from my example and find the help they need to change their situation for the better.

    ( Learn more about writing narrative essays .)

    Persuasive Essay Conclusion Examples

    Topic #13: Should Hermione have ended up with Harry instead of Ron in the Harry Potter series?

    Harry may be the main character of the Harry Potter series and J.K. Rowling may have stated recently that even she thinks Hermione and Harry should have ended up together, but the characters are much too similar. They are both natural leaders, which would create a lot of relationship tension. Ron, on the other hand, is the Type B to balance Hermione’s Type A personality. Since Harry ended up with Ron’s sister, Ginny, all three main characters are married into the same family. That certainly would make holiday get-togethers much more entertaining.

    Topic #14: Should college education be free?

    essay conclusion examples
    “Student Loans Wall Street Sign” by Investment Zen , Flickr.com ( CC BY 2.0 )

    The amount of student loan debt is an indication that something is definitely wrong with the system. Although universities need an income to survive, getting a college education should still come at no direct cost to the student. Free education would allow for a more educated nation as a whole, it would leave some students with more time to work more on their studies than their jobs, and it could encourage universities to get more creative. If more universities embraced the Pay It Forward model , the United States might become one of the most educated countries in the world.

    Topic #15: What is the most important thing high school students should be learning but aren’t?

    There are many areas where public high school education could improve, but the most important is financial planning. While some may argue for better nutrition or fitness programs, that information is easily available online and even in commercials—and should actually be taught starting in elementary school. Stronger financial planning curricula would teach high schoolers how to establish credit, how to save for retirement, and how to budget. All of these are important for life in the real world but can be filled with confusing jargon and advertising schemes. With Americans having more than $11 trillion in debt , it is time the younger generation be taught how not to be another statistic.

    Topic #16: Should kids get participation trophies ?

    Many Baby Boomers believe that participation trophies serve as a symbol of millennials’ sense of entitlement. In reality, the participation trophy does not diminish any sense of competition or drive for improvement. When there are performance-based awards in addition to participation awards, it mirrors the real world where average-performing employees still get paid and well-performing people get bonuses, raises, and promotions.

    ( Learn more about writing persuasive essays .)

    Argumentative Essay Conclusion Examples

    Topic #17: Should nuclear weapons be banned in all countries?

    Because of the political tensions between different countries, it is not likely that a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons would be followed by every world leader. It is important that other countries be able to protect themselves from potential attacks with equally strong weapons. However, more limitations on testing and launch authorizations should be enforced to ensure hot-headed leaders do not use or even advertise these dangerous weapons simply as a show of force.

    Topic #18: Are pre-employment drug tests an invasion of privacy?

    Although companies need to hire capable, dependable employees, they should not be able to dictate what their employees do in the comfort of their own homes. There are better ways of determining whether someone is right for a position, including education, past employment, personal and professional references, and trial periods.

    Topic #19: Should prisoners have the right to vote ?

    essay conclusion examples

    Although some people fear that granting prisoners the right to vote may lead to more relaxed laws surrounding specific crimes, prisoners are part of the American population. A truly democratic process includes everyone’s voices, even those who have made mistakes.

    Topic #20: Should parents be allowed to spank their children ?

    Spanking has become an outdated and lazy way of punishing children. It teaches them that meeting other people’s bad behavior with violence is acceptable. If children are old enough to understand why they are being spanked, they are old enough to think about their bad behavior logically and understand why it was wrong.

    ( Learn more about writing argumentative essays .)

    A Final Word on Final Paragraphs

    As you probably noticed given the variety of essay conclusion examples above, there are a lot of ways to end an essay. Generally, there will be a summary, but narrative essays might carry an exception.

    These types of essays allow you to be more creative with your conclusion. You should still try to end the essay with a sense of closure even if, as in the case of Topic #8, this means ending on a somewhat ominous note.

    No matter how you learn, it’s pretty helpful to have practical examples. And now that you do, you can get to finishing your own essay.

    Once your essay is drafted, have one of Kibin’s talented editors take a look at it for you.

    Good luck!

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